Chihuahua Breed Specific InformationLearn All About The Best Dog Breed Ever!
Weight: 2-6 lbs
Types: long coats and smooth coats
Physical Traits: small, graceful, fragile
Hair Type: long or short
Personality/Temperament: alert, saucy, confident, bold, alert, adaptable, tender, sensitive, hardy, may be hard to introduce new family members once adult, protect from injury may provoke larger dogs to fight
Maintenance/Special Needs: short hair- long hair more time grooming, not to live outdoors, protect from cold and hot weather, good traveler, very alert-some bark in warning often
Bred For: companionship
Identifying Traits: smallest of all dogs
Ideal For: lapdog, house dogs, apartments, companionship, travel, watchdog
Good With Kids? no, too fragile for small children
Life Expectancy: 12-14 yrs
Chihuahua Breed Standard
General Appearance A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression, compact, and with terrier-like qualities of temperament.
Size, Proportion, Substance Weight – A well balanced little dog not to exceed 6 pounds. Proportion – The body is off-square; hence, slightly longer when measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, than height at the withers. Somewhat shorter bodies are preferred in males. Disqualification – Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
Head A well rounded “apple dome” skull, with or without molera.
Expression – Saucy.
Eyes – Full, but not protruding, balanced, set well apart-luminous dark or luminous ruby. (Light eyes in blond or white-colored dogs permissible.)
Ears – Large, erect type ears, held more upright when alert, but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree angle when in repose, giving breadth between the ears.
Muzzle – Moderately short, slightly pointed. Cheeks and jaws lean.
Nose – Self-colored in blond types, or black. In moles, blues, and chocolates, they are self-colored. In blond types, pink nose permissible.
Bite – Level or scissors. Overshot or undershot bite, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be penalized as a serious fault.
Disqualifications – Broken down or cropped ears.
Neck, Topline, Body Neck – Slightly arched, gracefully sloping into lean shoulders.
Topline – Level.
Body – Ribs rounded and well sprung (but not too much “barrel-shaped”).
Tail – Moderately long, carried sickle either up or out, or in a loop over the back, with tip just touching the back. (Never tucked between legs.)
Forequarters Shoulders – Lean, sloping into a slightly broadening support above straight forelegs that set well under, giving a free play at the elbows. Shoulders should be well up, giving balance and soundness, sloping into a level back. (Never down or low.) This gives a chestiness, and strength of forequarters, yet not of the “Bulldog” chest.
Feet – A small, dainty foot with toes well split up but not spread, pads cushioned.
Coat In the Smooth Coats, the coat should be of soft texture, close and glossy. (Heavier coats with undercoats permissible.) Coat placed well over body with ruff on neck preferred, and more scanty on head and ears. Hair on tail preferred furry. In Long Coats, the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly curly, with undercoat preferred.
Ears – Fringed. (Heavily fringed ears may be tipped slightly if due to the fringes and not to weak ear leather, never down.)
Tail – Full and long (as a plume). Feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on the neck desired and preferred.
Disqualification – In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.
Color Any color-Solid, marked or splashed.
Gait The Chihuahua should move swiftly with a firm, sturdy action, with good reach in front equal to the drive from the rear. From the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other, and the foot fall of the rear legs follows directly behind that of the forelegs. The legs, both front and rear, will tend to converge slightly toward a central line of gravity as speed increases. The side view shows good, strong drive in the rear and plenty of reach in the front, with head carried high. The topline should remain firm and the backline level as the dog moves.
Temperament Alert, with terrier-like qualities.